A resume is one of the necessity. It is used everywhere to show your skills and achievement throughout your life. There are many formats of resume available, but you need to adopt the pattern according to the job description. For example, if you are applying for an academic position than your resume must have some of your academic excellence examples. If you have published any research article or any book chapter, then it must be part of your resume.
There are some other patterns & samples followed when job description changes. For example, you are a software engineer, and you are applying for the post of the programmer in a software house. Then try to put some projects where your skills speak your personality.
Before I get started how to write an effective resume for a particular job you must know the differences of some terms. There is some confusion regarding resume, Curriculum Vitae (CV). Let me explain some of the fundamental differences.
Difference between Resume and CV:
Have you ever wondered why Britain apply with a CV and American with a resume? And many others with both? Now I am going to explain the basic difference between the above mentioned two and when you should use the former or later. After reading the article, you would be surely able to decide for yourself which one you need to write for your interview!
CV stands for Curriculum Vitae. It is usually on two or more pages and is an in-detail view of one’s not only career achievement’s but also of their educational and academic background details. It also includes details regarding teaching experience, research, degrees, awards, publications and many other achievements. However, the document should be arranged in a way that one could get an accessible overview of the complete career.
Unlike CV resume is usually single paged and is kept as short as possible. It gives such a representation of your entire career that makes you stand out of the crowd. It provides a summary of your educational background and work history. Resume leads with a contact information and a resume summary or objective. It is not typically arranged like a CV and could be much shuffled.
Differences between resume vs cv:
The chart shown below would surely help you a lot to understand the basic differences between CV and a resume.
Which to use? “A CV or a resume?”:
Except for America, almost every country accepts a CV for the jobs. In Europe, the Middle East, Africa, or Asia, employers may expect to receive a curriculum vitae (CV). Within America, people related to academic and medical careers use CV for the job applications. So usually if applying for international, academic, educational vacancies, a CV should be utilized. When applying for a job other than these you should be using a resume. Particularly in the USA, the resume is only considered as the job application if the job is not related to any educational or academic institute.
Now you have a basic understanding of resume and CV. Let me share some tips to make it professional.
Whichever you have to write, there exist some straightforward rules to follow for successfully writing which I am going to list below.
It should be kept in mind when writing a resume, but it applies to a CV too. Be certain that you highlight your education, work experience, and skills as they refer to the particular industry or job such as the example given below, most of the tips related to CV because we have covered a large amount of educational experience in our template. You just need to short the format to 1-2 pages so that it highlights your skills related to job description.
Guide to the header, font size and Reference page and Format:
- Resume header:
It is good practice to put your name on the top of the header with your email and mobile number. So that an employer doesn’t find any difficulty while contacting you when you short listed for the job. There is no need to put your caste in the name. Be precise and try to make a professional email which covers your complete name. Please mention your country code in your mobile number when you are applying for a job outside your country. For example:
- Career Objectives:
This is your most important section. There is no need to describe yourself which isn’t available in you, and it doesn’t reflect your personality. So be precise and write at least 3 to 4 lines. These enough to explain your objectives for example:
During my degree, I successfully combined my studies with work and other commitments showing myself to be self motivated, organized and capable of working under pressure. I have a clear, logical mind with a practical approach to problem solving and a drive to see things through to completion. I enjoy working on my own initiative or in a team. In short, I am reliable, trustworthy, hardworking and eager to learn.
- Personal Information:
Mention some basic information such as date of birth, nationality, address, Language proficiency and passport number. I think these are enough for your bio-data.
- Your education
Your highest degree on the top of the list and remaining degrees and awards later on. It is good practice to make your CV perfect. Some organizations ask your grades while interviewing, so it is better to place your grades.
- Experience if any:
Similarly, experience should be your curriculum vitae in descending order, your recent job on the top of the list and your previous experience later on. Keep in mind, putting designation, and your responsibilities will become advantageous for an employer to track your experience.
- Research interests:
If you are applying for an academic job, then it is good to write your research area. Otherwise, there isn’t compulsory for job-related to other fields.
Again, this area is related to those individuals who are applying for education sectors. So write down all your publications. Let me make it simple, make five section of this category.
- Publications in Journals
- Publications in Conferences
- Book or Book Chapter
- Publication submitted
- Supervisor of any research project or supervised any student etc.
- Technical Knowledge & Skills Section
Now it’s time to highlight those skills which are a requirement of the job. This area is related to both resume and CV. Mention all the tools and languages you know such as:
- References page:
Don’t miss reference section. Two references are quite enough for any post. Reference of a person include below information:
- Email address
- Extra Knowledge:
- Use a template: You may want to follow the template to be certain that the CV or Resume is according to their format.It gives a good impression on the person viewing your work profile. This will give your application a clear overview, which will help the employer quickly see your qualifications and experience.
- Also make sure your format is uniform: For example, if you use bullet points in one job description, use bullet points in all your job descriptions and make it all of the same size and do other adjustments such as justifying the text and keep on editing the document until you have the perfect resume or CV at your hand.
- Resume font size: Most of the practices has followed by professionals said, Times New Roman with font size 12 is a good choice.
In the article, I have highlighted some of the key points while writing effective CV or Resume for a job. I have also answered some questions such as which font & size to follow, where to place education, experiences, best practices etc. This method may vary time to time. Some people may change the order of their academic achievements and skills, but all these sections if mentioned make a perfect resume or CV. Meanwhile you can download resume template to make your own professional resume.
Download Resume Template:
- Download Resume Template Microsoft Word Document (docs) format
- Resume Format in pdf